The idea of the Mahabharata as a great picture of a great Philosophy of Life, occurred to me almost like a dream. I have pursued it for nearly eight s; and the result of my study, relating to the Vedas, is contained in this volume; and that, relating to the Mahabharata, will follow in the next. My study of the Mahabharata led me to the Vedas, Upanisads, Satapatha Brahmana and the Systems of Hindu Philosophy; for the "story" is, even as it claims to be, a picture of all sacred philosophy and literature; and it is in this light that I have explained and interpreted it. The First Volume ends with the Gods of the Vedas, and the Second starts with an examination of the Story of the Mahabharata. The main idea of the present work is that the sacred books of the Hindus, from the Vedas to the Mahabharata, described as the fifth and the last Veda, deal with the one problem of all.